The European Landscape Convention was adopted on 20 October 2000 in Florence (Italy). For the purposes of the Convention:
»Landscape« means an area, as perceived by people, whose character is the result of the action and interaction of natural and/or human factors;
»Landscape policy« means an expression by the competent public authorities of general principles, strategies and guidelines that permit the taking of specific measures aimed at the protection, management and planning of landscapes;
»Landscape quality objective« means, for a specific landscape, the formulation by the competent public authorities of the aspirations of the public with regard to the landscape features of their surroundings;
»Landscape protection« means actions to conserve and maintain the significant or characteristic features of a landscape, justified by its heritage value derived from its natural configuration and/or from human activity;
»Landscape management« means action, from a perspective of sustainable development, to ensure the regular upkeep of a landscape, so as to guide and harmonise changes which are brought about by social, economic and environmental processes;
»Landscape planning« means strong forward-looking action to enhance, restore or create landscapes.
The aims of this Convention are to promote landscape protection, management and planning, and to organise European co-operation on landscape issues.
The Republic of Croatia signed the Convention in 2000. The Croatian Parliament adopted the Act on the Ratification of the European Landscape Convention in 2002 (OG - IT 12/02).